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Strontium Iodide

Strontium iodide, also called strontium diiodide, is a salt containing strontium and iodine [1, 2]. Being a water-soluble, deliquescent compound, it absorbs moisture from the atmosphere and becomes physically changed slightly [2]. It produces strontium oxide and iodine when heated at high temperatures in the presence of air [2].

Identification

CAS Number: 10476-86-5 [2, 3]

PubChem CID: 25304 [1, 2]

ChemSpider ID: 23637 [3]

EC Number: 233-972-1 [2, 3]

RTECS Number: WK9275000 [2, 4]

Formula

The molecular formula of its anhydrous form is I2Sr [1] while the linear formula is SrI2 [4]. Its hexahydrate form has the chemical formula SrI2.6H2O [2].

Strontium Iodide Formula

Structure

Strontium iodide has an orthorhombic crystal structure [2].

Strontium Iodide Structure

Properties

Here we share some common physical properties of this ionic compound.

Appearance

It appears as colorless or white crystalline solid [2, 4]

Odor

Strontium iodide is odorless [5].

Molar Mass

The mass of one mole of strontium iodide is 341.43 g/mol [1, 2, 4]

Melting Point

The compound melts at a temperature of 507-645 °C (780-918 K, 945-1193 °F) [2, 4]

Boiling Point

It boils at a temperature of 1773 °C (2046 K, 3223 °F) [2, 4].

Density

The density of its anhydrous form is 4.55 g/cm3, and its hexahydrate form is 4.40 g/cm3 [2, 4].

Solubility

It is highly soluble in water at room temperature and sparingly soluble in ethanol, the solubility being 177 g/100 ml at 20 °C and 3.1 g/100 ml at 4 °C respectively [2].

Strontium Iodide

How to make Strontium Iodide

Its preparation involves the reaction of strontium carbonate (SrCO3) with hydroiodic acid (HI) [2].

SrCO3 + 2HI SrI2 + H2O + CO2

The strontium iodide produced can be easily identified because it becomes yellow upon its exposure to air [2].

Chemical Reactions with Other Compounds

Lithium Sulfide and Strontium Iodide

When SrI2 reacts with Li2S, the compounds undergo a double displacement reaction to form SrS and LiI [6]. The chemical equation is given below:

Li2S + SrI2 2LiI + SrS

Potassium Sulfate and Strontium Iodide

The precipitation reaction involving potassium sulfate and strontium iodide is given below:

K2SO4 + SrI2 2KI + SrSO4

Uses

  • Because of its high density, atomic number, scintillation light yield, and optical clarity, Europium-doped SrI2 is used as a scintillator for detecting gamma radiation [2].
  • Anhydrous strontium iodide is used as a replacement of potassium iodide in medicines [2].
  • Large-diameter crystals of strontium iodide are now commercially grown with the vertical Bridgman technique [2, 7].
Strontium Iodide Scintillator

Health and Safety Information

Although the toxicological properties of SrI2 have not been extensively studied, compounds of strontium are known to be slightly toxic [5]. Prolonged exposure through inhalation may cause headache, tight chest, irritation of the nose and respiratory system, and lacrimation [5]. If ingested, it may cause gastric irritation, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and burns to the mouth [5]. Moreover, it may act as a strong irritant to the eye and skin, causing redness, black spots, boils, pimples, blisters, and hives [5].

First Aid Measures

If a victim has been exposed to large amounts of strontium iodide, the following measures should be taken:

Ingestion: Seek medical attention immediately and avoid inducing vomiting [5].

Inhalation: Remove the affected person to fresh air and keep him warm [5]. The victim should be immediately taken to a medical practitioner [5].

Eyes: Flush the victim’s eyes with lukewarm water for more than 15 minutes and seek emergency medical treatment [5].

Skin: After removing the contaminated clothes, brush the material off skin and wash the affected area using mild soap and water [5]. Quickly take the person to a doctor to avoid acute irritation [5].

Safety Measures

For breathing protection, a NIOSH-approved respirator should be worn [5]. The compound should be kept in an inert gas, in a dry box, to avoid contact with moisture [5]. Other protective equipment like an apron, lab coat, impervious gloves, and safety goggles are required for the safety of the skin and eyes [5].

Strontium Iodide Availability

Hangzhou Dayangchem Co. Ltd., IBIS Chemie International, Amadis Chemical Co. Ltd., Chemos GmbH & Co. KG and Santa Cruz Biotechnology Inc. are some of the renowned suppliers of SrI2 in the world [9].

References

  1. Strontium Iodide (SrI2) – Pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  2. Strontium Iodide – Wikipedia.org
  3. WK9275000 – Chemspider.com
  4. Strontium Iodide – Americanelements.com
  5. Strontium Iodide Material Safety Data Sheet – Espimetals.com
  6. Chemical Equation Balancer – Chemicalaid.com
  7. Crystal growth of large diameter strontium iodide scintillators using in Situ stoichiometry monitoring – Researchgate.net
  8. NEW ScintiClear high performance SrI2(Eu) – Capesym.com
  9. Strontium Iodide – Buyersguidechem.com

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