Barium Chromate is an oxidizing agent. The oxidation state of the Chromium in this compound is +6. The Barium ions in the compound produce green flames when heated.
CAS number: 10294-40-3
RTECS number: CQ876000
Barium Chromate Production
Barium Chromate can be produced by the precipitation reaction of Barium Chloride (BaCl2) and Sodium Chromate (Na2CrO4). The reaction occurs in the following way:
BaCl2 + Na2CrO4 → BaCrO4 ↓ +2 NaCl
This reaction produces BaCrO4 precipitation which is then collected by filtration. Sodium Chloride is also produced (NaCl) in this reaction.
Barium Chromate Molecular Formula
The formula for this compound is BaCrO4.
Properties of Barium Chromate
Here are some of the physical and chemical properties of this material:
Appearance: It is a fine light-yellow powder.
Odor: This compound is odorless.
Solubility: Barium Chromate is insoluble in water but soluble in acids.
Molar Mass: The molar mass of this substance is 253.37 g/mol
Melting Point: This compound decomposes at 210 °C.
Density: Its density is 4.498 g /cm3.
Uses of Barium Chromate
This oxidizing agent is used for many industrial purposes.
- It is widely used as an oxidizer as well as a burn rate modifier in many pyrotechnic compositions (a substance that produces an effect by light, sound, heat, gas and smoke as a result of self sustaining exothermic reactions), especially delay compositions.
- This compound is used as a pigment in ceramics, paints, fuses, porcelains and coloring glasses.
- It is also used for preventing corrosion (as corrosion inhibitor) between dissimilar metals.
- Barium Chromate is used in safety matches.
- It is useful in various ignition control devices.
- This compound is used in metal primers.
- This substance is used in explosives as an initiator of explosions.
Barium Chromate Reactions
It is highly soluble in acids. Its reaction with Hydrogen ions produces Ba2+ and Cr2O72- along with two water molecules. Following is the formula for this reaction:
2 BaCrO4 + 2 H+ → 2 Ba2+ + Cr2O72- + H2O
The solubility product constant of Barium Chromate is:
Ksp (solubility product constant) = [Ba2+] [CrO42-] = 2.1 x 10-10
Barium Chromate Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
Barium Chromate can have hazardous health effects in case of over exposures. It can cause damage to many human organs including kidney, lungs, blood, nervous system, liver and mucus membrane. One should take certain precautions while handling this substance.
This compound can cause serious health hazard in case of inhalation and ingestion while eye and skin contact will result in irritation. Inhaling this material causes breathing difficulty. Severe over exposure can even result in death.
First Aid Measures
Inhalation: The victim should be removed to fresh air. One should loosen any tight clothing such as collar, belt and tie. Oxygen or artificial respiration should be provided if the victim is experiencing breathing difficulty. Performing mouth-to-mouth resuscitation can be hazardous for the person providing the aid. Immediate medical attention is required.
Ingestion: It is not advisable to induce vomiting in case of accidental ingestion of this material. Tight clothing should be removed. One should never give anything by mouth if the victim is unconscious. It is important to obtain medical aid as soon as possible as serious ingestion can even cause death of the victim.
Skin Contact: Victim should wash the contaminated area with a disinfectant soap and plenty of water at once. It is also advisable to apply some anti-bacterial cream to the affected skin. The infected clothes and shoes should be removed and washed properly before re-use. One should obtain medical attention immediately.
Eye Contact: In case of direct eye contact, one should remove any contact lenses and flush the eyes with plenty of lukewarm water at least for 15 minutes. It is important to get immediate medical assistance.
Personal Safety Measures
NIOSH approved dust respirator, lab coats, safety goggles and protective gloves should be used for proper personal protection.
Fire Fighting Measures
Barium Chromate is non-flammable; however, fire fighters should use proper fire fighting gear and protective clothing in order to avoid any direct contact with this compound when extinguishing a fire around it.
It should be stored in tightly sealed containers in a well ventilated place away from heat as well as any acids, alkalis, combustibles and reducing agents.
Barium Chromate Price and Availability
There are many companies who supply this oxidizing agent worldwide. It is also available for online buyers at reasonable prices.
Barium Chromate is widely used in various industries for different purposes. It is quite simple to produce this compound which makes it one of the most useful oxidizing agents for many chemical reactions.